The increase of the consumption of sources of energy increased 17 % from the period 1997 2000, and the lack of updated information, we can foresee that the consumption follows the rise. This increase of consumption goes I obtain a strong dependence of the fossil fuels and of the exterior, since the majority of the fossil fuels are imported, up to the point of which in Spain it was mattering up to 75 % of the energy that is consumed. In view of this scene, a general raising awareness becomes indispensable on the saving of the energy, and his responsible consumption. To arouse all, and to give us the suitable guidelines of conduct to carry out this saving, so much the IDAE (Institute for wool Diversification and he Energetic Saving), as the INEGA (Energetic Institute of Galicia), develop campaigns in these aspects. We recommend to visit the guide of the energetic saving of the Inega where we will find fulfilled information about the energetic saving. FAEPAC, in his contribution to the promotion of the saving, will elaborate a few guides orientated so much to the domestic sector as to the public institutions. While his publication does not come we offer a few simple advices to put into practice.
Simple advices easy to put into practice to save in the house.
The use of the lighting is one of the points that more influences the invoice of the electricity, extinguish the lights when it does not need them, change his traditional bulbs into bulbs of low consumption, though they are more expensive, they last much more, what it makes his purchase profitable.
It is one of the elements that more energy consumes in the home. We must support a suitable temperature of comfort, the temperature of reference walks for the 20 º. Higher temperatures do that the consumption increases considerably.
The video, DVD or the tuner of digital television, when we extinguish them with the control distantly, actually do not go out, if not that go on to a way of wait, for what they continue consuming energy, this one and called " energy ghost ". Let's extinguish them in the switch, and this way we will avoid an expense of about 3 % of energy.
If we use vitrocerámica, it is very important to take advantage of the residual heat. In the kitchen we must use slightly bigger pots with the burner in which we put them, the end of taking advantage well of all the available heat.
The ovens microwaves are very effective to warm small portions of food, since they consume between 30 % and 70 % less than the conventional ovens.
The vacuum cleaner consumes great more energy, one works with the clogged, or very full dustbin liner, and with the filters in poor condition. A well-off maintenance of these points they will do that our vacuum cleaner works and consumes as the first day.
The refrigerators and freezers must be installed in drafty sites, far from heat sources. We have to take care of the condition of the rubbers of the doors, since they are those who guarantee that the cold of the interior is kept.
It is a system that establishes the relation of the energy that consumes the domestic appliance with the quantity of work that it develops. The labelling tries to be a route of information that facilitates information to the user on the consumption, ruído, life happens, efficiency in wash or dried. The labellings, according to the domestic appliance in question, go from the letter A (the most efficient) up to the F.
It´s very important to replace the temporizadores, which regulate the system of illumination of the stairs, for detectors of presence, or to install temporizadores for plants, in order that they do not have to ignite all the lights of the stairs, when we go out of the elevator, in any plant. Also it is very efficient to place balastros electronic in the lights that they have to throw flushed many hours, as those of the garages.
The most efficient way of saving is using the public and collective transport. If we have to travel in our car, we must know how it is the route that we are going to do, to avoid cloggings. In FAEPAC we are giving courses in order that the conduction that we do every day is more efficient. In general the advices that we can give are:
-Start the engine without accelerating.
-Begin the conduction of successively, without hoping that the engine warms up.
-Use long marches..
-Increase the safety distance.
-To being able to be, use biocombustibles.